Embroidery is the ornamentation of materials such as leather, cloth or felt with silk, wool, linen, cotton and metal threads and needles.

The art of Turkish embroidery has a long history. The word “ornament” is used as a definition of decoration in houses, clothes and furnishings.

Embroidery began in the palace, later becoming a decorative folk art.

The embroidery techniques and needles that are used today are the end product of many changes based on economic and geographic conditions and aesthetical values.

Turkish embroidery techniques according to the way the needle is used; the needle may applied to the woven threads (Chinese needle, Romanian needle, Cretan needle, French knot, calculation needle, herringbone, eyebrow etc); or to pull the woven threads (scalloped ribbon); needles may help to close the threads (Bukhara knot, Jacobean weft, Maraş work, applique, bead work, sequin work), or to bind the threads (patchwork, dove eye, Antep work, passing work etc.).