ANCIENT JEWELLERY EXHIBITED IN ANATOLIAN CIVILIZATIONS MUSEUM
The first samples of the earrings that are a universal symbol of the instinct of ornamenting an ear, were only rings put on the ear and they were deemed as ornaments special to women. In Anatolia, earring finds belonging to the 3rd thousand of Troy II, Alacahöyük and Eskiyapar are as documents evidencing the form and technical superiority of that term. Very beautiful earrings showing fine workmanship have been found in graves of the Archaic and Classical periods. These generally have simple appearances, and are in the form of a crescent and a spiral. In the Hellenistic period, more remarkable and impressive features draw attention. In addition, the use of human and animal figures in earrings is seen in this period. After that, earrings showing very fine workmanship, reflecting the features and ornamental techniques of the periods have been made of gold. In the Roman period, the earrings are various. Spheres having a massive appearance, a spherical pendulum or with their internal side empty, earrings with disks or with pendulums in different forms and earrings with or without stones are made in this period. In the Byzantine period earrings, we see that plant and animal figures made with openwork technique using metal and various stones is used.