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The first natives of the Ancient Phokaia settlement in the place of today's Old Foça are known as the immigrants who came from the Phokis environs in Greece. Phokaia which had two ports had grown in a short time and became one of the most important port cities of the ancient times. The city lost strength during the Persian rule in West Anatolia and could only join the lonian Revolt in 500-494 B.C. with three ships. Afterwards the city maintained it's free status, however the damage that the Persians caused was so great that Phokaia never regained its original magnificence.