AĞRI İSHAK PASHA
İshak Pasha Palace is more of a complex than a mere palace. It is our second
administrative campus after the Topkapı Palace in İstanbul and the most famous
of the palaces built at recent decades.
The palace which
was built on a hill at the side of a mountain 5 km. east of Doğubeyazıt District
is the last large monumental structure of the Ottoman Empire in the "Lale Devri"
Period. It is one of the most distinguished and magnificent examples of the
18th century Ottoman architecture and is very valuable in terms of
art history. According to the top of the door inscription at the Harem Section
it was constructed in 1784 (1199 H.) according to the Islamic calendar.
As the ground
building sits on is a valley slope, it is rocky and hard. Despite the fact that
it is at the center of the Old Beyazıt city its three sides (north, west, south)
are steep and sloped. There is a suitable flat area only to the east. The entrance
of the palace is on that side. It's also its narrowest façade.
As the palace
was built in an age when the castles ceased to be special and fire arms were
developed and were abundently available its defense towards the hills on the
east is weak. Its main gate is the weakest point in that respect. The structure
of the main gate is no different than those seen in the palaces built in İstanbul
and elsewhere in Anatolia and has a neat stone workmanship and carving.
Today we have
very few examples of the historical Turkish palaces still surviving. One of
these is the İshak Pasha Palace and complex.
Ishak Pasha Palace
is composed of following sections in terms of architectural style:
1- Exterior façades
2- First and second courts
3- The men's quarter (selamlık)
4- The mosque building
5- The Soup Kitchen (Darüzziyafe)
7- Rooms of the Harem Section
8- Hall for ceremonies and entertaintment
9- Arch gates
10- Panteries and ammunition room
11- The mousoleum
12- The bakery
14- Some sections from interior design (doors, windows, cupboards, fireplaces,
soft drink cupboard etc.)
of the palace is in its mixture of Ottoman, Persian and Seljuk architectural
styles. The palace was built in 1685 by II. İshakpaşa of the Çildıroğulları
and Çolak Abdi Pasha and took its final form in 1784. The building occupies
an area of approximately 115m. x 50 m. The portal on the eastern façade
of the palace, which is built with cut stones, reflects the characteristics of
the Seljuk art with its reliefs and decorations.
The palace is composed of two courts and the collection of structures positioned
around them. Some of the buildings of the first court are destroyed. The second
court which is surrounded on four sides with buildings has a rectangular plan.
To the right, with reference to the entrance there is the men's quarter and
behind it the harem section. At the end of these, there is the mosque and the
mousoleum. The mousoleum is built in the style of the Seljuk "kümbet" (cupola)
architecture. The palace section has two storeys. All of its 366 rooms are arranged
on these two floors. Each room has a stone fireplace. The cavities within the
stone walls indicate that the building as a whole possessed a central heating
system.The reception hall is 30m.x3 m. It has stone walls and floor . Its walls
are decorated with couplets and verses from the Koran in the decorative examples
of the Turkish Calligraphy art. Among these a couplet, which in very free translation
goes like "Ishak, upon will, made the whole world a place of benevolence and
the date to witness this was one thousand one hundred ninetynine" and indicates
that the palace was completed in 1784 A.D. The mousoleum in the second courtyard
of the palace is built with cut stones This octaganal mousoleum is in the shape
of the copolas, which is one of the most typical examples of the traditional
Seljuk mousoleum architecture and has two storeys. Its walls are decorated with
geometric motifs. Çolak Abdi Pasha, İshak Pasha and their close kin are resting
at this mousoleum.
The interior and
exterior architectural wealth of the İshak Pasha palace could be described forever.
Whether the palace is taken as a whole or should its rooms and buildings studied
individually, success, order and mastery is all that one can find
İshak Pasha Palace
stands at a desolate valley today and the fact that it was the subject of various
legends and stories add to its magnificent atmosphere some colour and mystery.