14 January 1923Mustafa Kemal's mother Zübeyde Hanim died in Izmir and buried in the district of Karsiyaka.
14-20 January 1923Mustafa Kemal went for a Western Anatolia trip.
27 January 1923Mustafa Kemal arrived to Izmir.
29 January 1923 Mustafa Kemal Pasha married with Latife Hanim. (Divorced on 5 August 1925.)
30 January 1923The agreement signed by Türkiye and Greece for the return of the civilian prisoners and for the exchange of prisoners of war.
4 February 1923The breakdown of the Lausanne Conference due to the conflicts on certain important points.
7 February 1923 Mustafa Kemal addressed the people from the Zagnos Pasha Mosque in Balikesir.
16 February 1923The Lausanne delegation returned back to Istanbul.
17 February 1923The "Turkish Economics Congress" held in Izmir.
19 February 1923Mustafa Kemal, together with Ismet Pasha, went to Ankara.
24 February 1923The General Directorate of Police was abolished and replaced with Istanbul Police Directorate in province organization level, connected to the General Directorate of Security in Ankara.
27 February 1923 Discussions were made in a closed session in the Turkish Grand National Assembly on the subject of Lausanne Conference. (Discussions again were made on 6 March. On 8 March, the peace proposals of the Ankara government were given to the Entente States representatives.)
28 February 1923Mustafa Kemal was given the dignity of the "Fellow Townsman" of Istanbul.
1 March 1923 Ali Fuat Pasha once more became the vice-president of the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
4 March 1923 The Izmir Economics Congress ended.
15 March 1923 Mustafa Kemal visited Adana.
17 March 1923 Mustafa Kemal went from Adana to Mersin and Tarsus.
20 March 1923Mustafa Kemal addressed to people in Konya.
21 March 1923Gazi Mustafa Kemal, during his speech in the Konya Red Crescent Women Branch referred to Woman's Rights.
22 March 1923Mustafa Kemal Visited Mevlana's (The mystic poet Mevlana Jalal-ud-Din Rumi) tomb while he was in Konya.
27 March 1923The deputy Ali Sükrü Bey was killed by Topal (Crippled) Osman.
31 March 1923The Entente States once more asked for a delegation to Lausanne.
31 March 1923The General Amnesty law pardoning the civilian and the military prisoners of war was passed from the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
1 April 1923Topal Osman was caught in Ankara at the suburb of Seyranbaglari.
1 April 1923The Turkish Grand National Assembly decided to repeat the election
8 April 1923Gazi Mustafa Kemal issued the "Nine Principles". (Those principles that carry the characteristics of an election announcement were published on the name of the Society for the National Defence of Rights in Anatolia and Rumelia.)
9 April 1923"The Chester Project" which gives certain privileges in return for the building the Eastern Anatolia Railway, was approved by the Turkish Grand National Assembly. (But this project never came to life.)
16 April 1923 The first Turkish Grand National Assembly works ended.
21 April 1923The delegation under the presidency of Ismet Pasha arrived to Lausanne.
23 April 1923 The second phase of the Lausanne Conference began.
30 May 1923 Antakya, Iskenderun and the Environs Defence of Rights Society formed.
26 June 1923General Harrington visited Abdül Mejid Efendi.
28 June 1923 Gazi Mustafa Kemal, after the receipt of the certificate of Professorship from the Faculty of Literature of the Istanbul University, sent a telegram expressing his gratitude.
10 July 1923Fener Patriarch of the Eastern Orthodox Church Meletios escaped to Greece.
12 July 1923Trade agreement was signed with Poland.
19 July 1923 Gazi Mustafa Kemal sent a telegram to Ismet Inönü concerning the topic of the Lausanne Conference.
23 July 1923 Türkiye-Poland Friendship Treaty was signed.
24 July 1923Lausanne Peace Treaty was signed.
29 July 1923The headquarters of the Western Front moved to Ankara.
4 August 1923Rauf Bey resigned from the Premiership.
5 August 1923The Office of the General Staff put its Peace, Emplacement and Establishment plans into practice.
6 August 1923Agreements signed at Lausanne between Türkiye and the United States of America on the subject of extradition and other subjects. (The discussions started on 29 June.)
10 August 1923Ismet Pasha returned from Lausanne.
11 August 1923The second work period of the Turkish Grand National Assembly started.
13 August 1923Mustafa Kemal was elected second time for the presidency of the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
14 August 1923Fethi Bey formed a new government.
18 August 1923 Gazi Mustafa Kemal, who was also elected from Izmir, accepted to be the deputy of Ankara.
23 August 1923 The Turkish Grand National Assembly has approved the Lausanne Treaty.
1 September 1923The Western Front headquarters abolished.
9 September 1923People's Party formed.
15 September 1923Karaagac was taken back from the Greeks.
20 September 1923The post offices of foreign states, as the capitulations were envisaged, were abolished.
21 September 1923Bozcaada (Island of Bozca) was taken back from the Greeks.
22 September 1923Island of Imroz was taken back from the Greeks.
25 September 1923The law Number 347 which reveals the procedures to the people who were left out of the national boundaries and who did not participate to the National Struggle was accepted by the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
27 September 1923 The Military Academy moved to its building at Harbiye District.
2 October 1923The last units of the Entente States armies left Istanbul.
4 October 1923The Anatolian Independent Turkish Orthodox leader Pope Eftim issued his declaration which supported the National Government.
4 October 1923 The censorship abolished in Istanbul.
6 October 1923The Turkish forces under the command of Sükrü Naili (Gökberk) Pasha entered Istanbul.
6 October 1923 The British departed from Canakkale.
13 October 1923The law, making the city of Ankara the Capital of the country was passed.
13 October 1923 The law creating the "Ministry of Public works, housing and exchange" was passed from the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
24 October 1923The law expressing the 1 November, the day that the sovereignty abolished, to be counted as the national holiday was accepted.(On 27 May 1935 it was abolished with the law number 2739, revealing the national holidays.)
27 October 1923Fethi ((kyar) Bey's cabinet resigned.
29 October 1923Proclamation of the Turkish Republic. Gazi Mustafa Kemal Pasha, with a secret vote and unanimously, was elected as the President of the Republic.
30 October 1923The first cabinet of the Republic was formed by Ismet (Inönü) as the Premier.
31 October 1923 The law abolishing the mobilisation on 1 November 1923 was accepted by the Turkish Grand National Assembly. (The mobilization was declared on 13 September 1921.)
1 November 1923Fethi (Okyar) Bey was elected the president of the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
14 November 1923The law projecting the move of the Supreme Court was accepted by the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
19 November 1923Gazi Mustafa Kemal, with a letter to Ismet (Inönü), requested from him to act as proxy to the presidency of the People's Party
20 November 1923The People's Party gathered the "Anatolia and Rumelia Defence of Rights Society" groups within her organization.
24 November 1923The heads of the "ismailies" in India, Aga Khan and Emir Ali wrote letters to Ismet (Inönü) Pasha concerning the caliphate.
10 December 1923 The Friendship Pact was signed in Ankara between Türkiye and Albania.
15 December 1923 The Friendship Pact was signed in Istanbul between Türkiye and Hungary.
26 December 1923Excluding certain crimes, the general amnesty law was passed from the Turkish Grand National Assembly on the honour of "Victory and Peace".